The Try Guys Get Prostate Exams
You may be test per vyevleniya prostata prostate problems and want to learn more about prostate cancer symptoms and risk factors, the PSA screening test, and conditions that are not cancer such test per vyevleniya prostata an enlarged prostate BPH and prostatitis. You may want to print out this booklet. The PDF has practical lists, tips, and medical images to help you learn more and talk with your doctor.
The prostate is a small gland in men. It is part of the male reproductive system. The prostate is about the size and shape of a walnut. It sits low in the pelvisbelow the bladder and just in front of the rectum. The prostate helps make sementhe milky fluid that test per vyevleniya prostata sperm from the testicles through the penis when a man ejaculates.
The prostate surrounds part of the urethraa tube that carries urine out of the bladder and through the penis. Because the prostate gland tends to grow larger with age, it may squeeze the urethra and cause problems in passing urine.
Sometimes men in their 30s and 40s may begin to have these urinary symptoms and need medical attention. For others, symptoms aren't noticed until much later test per vyevleniya prostata life. An infection or a tumor can also make the prostate larger. Be sure to tell your doctor if you have any of the urinary test per vyevleniya prostata listed below.
Growing older raises your risk of prostate problems. The three most common prostate problems are inflammation prostatitisenlarged prostate BPHor benign prostatic hyperplasiaand prostate cancer. One change does not lead to another. For example, having prostatitis or an enlarged prostate does not increase your risk of prostate cancer.
It is also possible for you to have more than one condition at the same time. Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland that may result from a bacterial infection.
It affects at least half of all men at some time during their lives. Having this condition does not increase your risk of any other prostate disease.
Several tests, such as DRE and a urine test, can be done to see if you have prostatitis. Correct diagnosis of your exact type of prostatitis is key to getting the best treatment. Even if you have no symptoms you should follow your doctor's advice to complete treatment.
Acute bacterial prostatitis : This type is caused by a bacterial infection and comes on suddenly acute. Symptoms include severe chills and fever.
There is often blood in the urine. You test per vyevleniya prostata go to the doctor's office or emergency room for treatment. It's the least common of the four types, yet it's the easiest to diagnose and treat. Most cases can be cured with a high dose of antibioticstaken for 7 to 14 days, and then lower doses for several weeks. You may also need drugs to help with pain or discomfort. If your PSA level was high, it will likely return to normal once the infection is cleared up.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis : Also caused by bacteria, test per vyevleniya prostata type of prostatitis doesn't come on suddenly, but it can be bothersome.
The only symptom you may have is bladder infections that keep coming back. Test per vyevleniya prostata cause may be a defect in the prostate that lets bacteria collect in the urinary tract. Antibiotic treatment over a longer period of time test per vyevleniya prostata best for this type.
Treatment lasts from 4 to 12 weeks. This type of treatment clears up about 60 percent of cases. Long-term, low-dose antibiotics may help relieve symptoms in cases that won't clear up. Chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome : This disorder is the most common but least understood type of prostatitis.
Found in men of any age from late teens to the elderly, its symptoms can come and go without warning. There can be pain or discomfort in the groin or bladder area. Infection-fighting cells are often present, even though no bacteria can be found.
There are several different treatments for this problem, based on your symptoms. These include anti-inflammatory medications and other pain control treatments, such as warm baths.
Other medicines, such as alpha-blockers, may also be given. Alpha-blockers relax muscle tissue in the prostate to make passing urine easier. Some men are treated with antibiotics in case the symptoms are caused by an undetected infection.
Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis : You don't have symptoms with this condition. It is often found when you are undergoing tests for other conditions, such as to determine the cause of infertility or to look for prostate cancer. If you have this form of prostatitis, your PSA test may show a higher number than normal. Men with this condition are usually not treated, but a repeat Test per vyevleniya prostata test will usually be done if the PSA number is high.
Test per vyevleniya prostata stands for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Benign means "not cancer," and hyperplasia means abnormal cell growth. The result is that the prostate becomes enlarged. BPH is not linked to cancer and does not increase your risk of getting prostate cancer—yet the symptoms for BPH and prostate test per vyevleniya prostata can be similar. Urine flow in a normal left and enlarged right prostate. In diagram on the left, urine flows freely.
On the right, urine flow is affected because the enlarged prostate is pressing on the bladder and urethra. At its worst, BPH can lead to: a weak bladder, backflow of urine causing bladder or kidney infections, complete block in the flow of urine and kidney failure.
The prostate gland is about the size of a walnut when a man is in his 20s. By the time he is 40, it may have grown slightly larger, to the size of an apricot. By age 60, it may be the size of a lemon. The enlarged prostate can press against the bladder test per vyevleniya prostata the urethra. This can slow down or block urine flow. Some men might find it hard to start a urine stream, even though they feel the need to test per vyevleniya prostata.
Once the urine stream has started, it may be hard to stop. Other men may feel like they need to pass urine all the time, or they are awakened during sleep with the sudden need to pass urine. Early BPH symptoms take many years to turn into bothersome problems. These early symptoms are a cue to see your doctor.
Test per vyevleniya prostata men with BPH eventually find their symptoms to be bothersome enough to need treatment. BPH cannot be cured, but drugs or surgery test per vyevleniya prostata often relieve its symptoms. Talk with your doctor about the best choice for you. Your symptoms may change over time, so be sure to tell your doctor about any new changes. Men with mild symptoms of BPH who do not find them bothersome often choose this approach. Watchful waiting means getting annual checkups.
Treatment is started only if symptoms become too much of a problem. Some medications can make BPH symptoms worse, so talk with your doctor or pharmacist about any medicines you are taking such as:.
Many American men with mild to moderate BPH symptoms have chosen prescription drugs over surgery since the early s. Two main types of drugs are used. One type test per vyevleniya prostata muscles near the prostate, and the other type shrinks the prostate gland.
Some evidence shows that taking both drugs together may work best to keep BPH symptoms from getting worse. Taking these drugs can help increase urine flow and reduce your symptoms.
You must continue to take these drugs to prevent symptoms from coming back. It's important to note that taking these drugs may lower your PSA test number.
Test per vyevleniya prostata is also evidence that these drugs lower the risk of getting prostate cancer, but whether they can help lower the risk of dying from prostate cancer is still unclear. The number of prostate surgeries has gone down over the years. But operations for BPH are still among the most common surgeries for Test per vyevleniya prostata men.
Surgery is used when symptoms are severe or drug therapy has not worked well. Be sure to discuss options with your doctor and ask about the potential short- and long-term benefits and risks with each procedure. Prostate cancer means that cancer cells form in the tissues of the prostate. Prostate test per vyevleniya prostata tends to grow slowly compared with most other cancers. Cell changes may begin 10, 20, or even 30 years before a tumor gets big enough to cause symptoms.
Eventually, cancer cells may spread metastasize. By the time symptoms appear, the cancer may already be advanced. By age 50, very few men have symptoms of prostate cancer, yet some precancerous or cancer cells may be present. More than half of all American men have some cancer in their prostate glands by the age of Most of these cancers never pose a problem.